Glossary

E

Earmuffs
A piece of equipment that covers a horse's ears to prevent it from hearing distracting sounds.  

Eased
A horse that is gently pulled up during a race.  

Easily
Running or winning without being pressed by rider or opposition.  

Eclipse Award
Thoroughbred racing's year-end awards, honoring the top horses and humans in several categories.  They honor the great 18th century racehorse and sire, Eclipse, who was undefeated in 18 career starts and sired the winners of 344 races.  The Eclipse Awards are sponsored by the Thoroughbred Racing Associations, Daily Racing Form and National Turf Writers Association.  They were first given out in 1971; previously, separate year-end champions were named by Daily Racing Form (beginning in 1936) and the Thoroughbred Racing Associations (beginning in 1950).  Any Eclipse Award winner is referred to as a "champion."

Entry
Two or more horses with common ownership (or in some cases trained by the same trainer) that are paired as a single betting unit in one race and/or are placed together by the racing secretary as part of a mutuel field. Rules on entries vary from state to state. Also known as a "coupled entry."  

Entry Fee
Money paid by an owner to enter a horse in a stakes race.  

Equibase
A partnership between The Jockey Club and the Thoroughbred Racing Associations to establish and maintain an industry-owned, central database of racing records. Equibase past performance information is used in track programs across North America.  

Evenly
Neither gaining nor losing position during a race.  

Exacta
A wager in which the first two finishers in a race, in exact order of finish, must be picked. Called an "exactor" in Canada.  

Exercise Rider
Rider who is licensed to exercise a horse during its morning training session.  

Exotic (wager)
Any wager other than win, place or show.

Extended
Running at top speed.  

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